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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

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Understanding Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Information and Overview

What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)?

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a condition that occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm to the hand, becomes compressed or irritated as it passes through the carpal tunnel in the wrist. This compression can lead to pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and fingers.

Common Features of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

  • Numbness or tingling in the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers

  • Hand weakness or difficulty gripping objects

  • Pain that radiates from the wrist up the arm

  • Discomfort that worsens at night or during repetitive movements

Common Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

Several factors can contribute to the development of carpal tunnel syndrome, including:

  • Repetitive hand and wrist movements

  • Medical conditions (e.g., diabetes, arthritis)

  • Pregnancy-related hormonal changes

  • Wrist injuries or trauma

  • Genetics and family history

Treatment Options for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

Managing carpal tunnel syndrome often involves a combination of approaches. Treatment options may include:

  • Rest and wrist immobilization

  • Pain medications and anti-inflammatories

  • Wrist splints or braces

  • Physical therapy and exercises

  • Corticosteroid injections

  • Surgical intervention (in severe cases)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

Is carpal tunnel syndrome common?

Yes, carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition, especially among individuals who perform repetitive hand and wrist motions.

How is carpal tunnel syndrome diagnosed?

Diagnosis involves a medical history review, physical examination, nerve conduction studies, and assessment of symptoms.


Can I continue working with carpal tunnel syndrome? 

Depending on the severity, modifications to your work tasks and ergonomic adjustments may be recommended to reduce symptoms.

Are corticosteroid injections effective for CTS?

Yes, corticosteroid injections can help reduce inflammation and provide temporary relief from symptoms.

When is surgery recommended for carpal tunnel syndrome?

Surgery may be considered if conservative treatments do not provide relief or if there is severe nerve compression.

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