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Herniated/Bulging Disc

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Understanding Herniated Disc: Information and Overview

What is a Herniated Disc?

A herniated disc, also known as a slipped disc or disc prolapse, occurs when the soft inner core of a spinal disc pushes through a weakened outer layer. This can lead to pressure on nearby nerves, causing pain and other symptoms.

Common Features of a Herniated Disc:

  • Localized or radiating pain

  • Numbness or tingling

  • Muscle weakness

  • Discomfort while sitting or standing

  • Pain that worsens with movement or coughing

Common Causes of a Herniated Disc:

Several factors can contribute to the development of a herniated disc, including:

  • Age-related wear and tear

  • Spinal injuries or trauma

  • Improper lifting techniques

  • Poor posture and body mechanics

  • Genetics and family history

Treatment Options for a Herniated Disc:

Managing a herniated disc often involves a combination of approaches. Treatment options may include:

  • Pain medications and anti-inflammatories

  • Physical therapy and exercises

  • Chiropractic care

  • Epidural injections

  • Heat or cold therapy

  • Surgical intervention (in severe cases)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Herniated Disc:

Can a herniated disc heal on its own?

 In some cases, a herniated disc can heal with conservative treatments and time. However, severe cases may require medical intervention.

How is a herniated disc diagnosed?

 Diagnosis involves a medical history review, physical examination, imaging tests (such as MRI), and assessment of symptoms.

Can I exercise with a herniated disc?

Yes, low-impact exercises and physical therapy can often help improve symptoms and strengthen supporting muscles.

What are epidural injections, and how do they help?

Epidural injections deliver anti-inflammatory medication near the affected area to reduce pain and inflammation.

When is surgery recommended for a herniated disc? Surgery may be considered if conservative treatments do not provide relief or if there is severe nerve compression.

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